Ph.D. Peking Union Medical College, China and University of Virginia 1994
Current research in our laboratory focuses on vascular mechanisms of type 2 diabetes associated hypertension and blood pressure circadian rhythm disruptions
More than 170 million people worldwide have diabetes. Hypertension occurs more frequently in these diabetic patients than in those without diabetes. Moreover, when hypertension is superimposed on diabetes, the progression of diabetic complications becomes significantly more severe. However, the mechanisms by which diabetes cause an increase in the incidence of hypertension are not well understood. We and others have found that type 2 diabetic mouse models, db/db mice and high fat-diet fed mice, are hypertensive and vascular smooth muscle tissues isolated from them manifest contractile hyper-reactivity. One of our goals is to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying such vascular smooth muscle hyper-reactivity and its role in diabetes associated hypertension. Currently, we are focusing on the role of CPI-17, a myosin phosphatase inhibitory protein that is preferentially expressed in smooth muscle and plays an important role in regulating physiological smooth muscle contraction. We found that CPI-17 is activated and up-regulated in vascular smooth muscle of type 2 diabetic mice.
Blood pressure has a circadian pattern characterized by a low period during sleep; an early morning, post awakening rise; and a high plateau period while the subject is awake. There is increasing evidence that not only does the average level of blood pressure, but particularly an abnormal circadian blood pressure rhythm with a decreased fall in night time blood pressure, determine the development of diabetic complications and cardiovascular outcomes. The mechanisms that account for the abnormal blood pressure diurnal pattern in type 2 diabetes remain largely unknown. We are currently exploring the role of dysregulated core clock genes and vascular smooth muscle contractile diurnal variations in diabetes associated blood pressure circadian rhythm disruptions.
Combinations of the state-of-the-art techniques with classical physiological and biochemical methods were used to pursue our goals. These include radiotelemetry monitoring mouse blood pressure, smooth muscle specific transgenic and knockout mouse models, isometric contraction determination with isolated vascular tissues, microarray, real-time PCR, small interference RNA and adenoviral mediated gene transfer.
RO1 HL 106843 and RO1 HL125228
Wen Su, Zhenheng Guo, David C. Randall, Lisa A. Cassis, David R. Brown, Ming C. Gong (2008) Hypertension and Disrupted Blood Pressure Circadian Rhythm in Type 2 Diabetic db/db Mice. American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulation, 295: H1634-H1641
Zhongwen Xie, Ming C. Gong, Wen Su, Dongping Xie, John Turk, and Zhenheng Guo (2010) Role of calcium-independent phospholipase A2ß in high glucose-induced activation of RhoA, Rho-kinase, and CPI-17 in cultured vascular smooth msucle cells and vascular smooth muscle hypercontractility in diabeteic animals. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285 (12): 8628-38
Wen Su, Zhongwen Xie, Zhenheng Guo, Marilyn J. Duncan, Jenny Lutshumba, and Ming C. Gong (2012) Altered clock gene expression and vascular smooth muscle diurnal contractile variations in type 2 diabetic db/db mice. American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulation, 302(3): H621-33
Lindsay E. Calderon, Shu Liu, Wen Su, Zhenheng Guo, Wanda Eberhard, and Ming C. Gong (2012) iPLA2ß overexpression in smooth muscle exacerbates angiotensin II-induced blood pressure increase and vascular remodeling. PLos One 7(2): e31850
Shu Liu, Zhongwen Xie, Qingwei Zhao, Huan Pang, Lindsay E. Calderon, Ming C. Gong, and Zhenheng Guo (2012) Smooth muscle specific expression of calcium independent phospholipase A2ß exacerbates neointinal formation in mice. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 287(29): 24739-53
Wen Su, Zhongwen Xie, Shu Liu, Lindsay Calderon, Zhenheng Guo, and Ming C. Gong (2013) Smooth muscle specific CPI-17 over-expression increases contractile responses and blood pressure. The American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulation 304 (1): H104-13
Shu Liu, Zhongwen Xie, Alan Daugherty, Lisa Cassis, Kevin Pearson, Ming C. Gong, and Zhenheng Guo (2013) Mineralocorticoid receptor agonists induce mouse aortic aneurysm formation and rupture in the presence of high salt. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 33 (7): 1568-79
Zhongwen Xie, Wen Su, Shu Liu, Guogang Zhao, Karyn Esser, Elizabeth A. Schroder, Mellani Lefta, Harald M. Stauss, Zhenheng Guo, and Ming Cui Gong (2015) Smooth muscle BMAL1 participates in blood pressure circadian rhythm regulation. Journal of Clinical Investigation 125(1): 324-336